Woodcarving Glossary - Part 3
Thursday 15 March 2012
In this final part of Michael Painter's and Woodcarving's glossary of common carving terms, we look at Spade to Whittling
1. Spade - these chisels are similar to 'fishtail' chisels but have a longer elongated taper along their shank, so have the characteristics of a standard gouge with some of the advantages of a 'fishtail', 'long pod' and 'allongee'
2. Spoon gouge tool - traditionally known as a 'tracery' tool that is used to carve 'tracery'. They have part of a ball shaped bottom at the end of the shaft that usually includes a uniform radius to the cutting edge. When viewed from the side, they have a tight hook shape
3. Strop - leather dressed with fine abrasive for honing tools to remove the burr from the cutting edge of a chisel
4. Sweep - the curve section of a 'gouge'
1. Tooled finish - a traditional technique that introduces facets on the surface of a carving, eliminating the use of abrasive materials, giving life to the work
2. Tracery - precise open work decoration including 'trefoils' and 'quatrefoils' incorporated in the style of architecture known as Gothic
1. Undercut - to cut behind the edge of a design at an angle
1. V-tool - traditionally known as a 'parting tool' as one of its functions was to separate or part the wood
2. Veiners - when 'fluters' become small they are traditionally known as 'veiners' and have the same characteristics of 'fluters' The name derives from cutting the veins on leaves in foliage carving
1. Washita - a type of natural oil sharpening stone
2. Water stone - similar to oil stones but water is used to lubricate the stone. They tend to wear quicker than oil, ceramic stones or diamond pads
3. Whittling - the earliest and simplest form of carving by only using a knife